Several Dharmashastras mention the restricted role of women, such as the Manu Smriti: Her father guards her in her childhood; her husband guards her in her youth; and her sons guard her in her old age. when child marriages and a ban on remarriage by widows became part of social life in some communities in India.
The Muslim conquest in the Indian subcontinent brought purdah to Indian society.
Polygamy was practised among Hindu Kshatriya rulers for some political reasons.
an important exception is the Stri Dharma Paddhati of Tryambakayajvan, an official at Thanjavur c. The text compiles strictures on women's behaviour dating back to the Apastamba sutra (c. Razia Sultana(1205-1240) became the only woman monarch to have ever ruled Delhi.
to the promotion of equal rights by many reformers, their history has been eventful.
In modern India, women have held high offices including that of the President, Prime Minister, Speaker of the Lok Sabha, Leader of the Opposition, Union Ministers, Chief Ministers and Governors.
Chand Bibi defended Ahmednagar against the powerful Mughal forces of Akbar in the 1590s.However, some instances of these practices are still found in remote parts of India.The purdah is still practiced by Indian women in some communities.Jehangir's wife Nur Jehan effectively wielded imperial power, and was recognised as the real power behind the Mughal throne.The Mughal princesses Jahanara and Zebunnissa were well-known poets, and also influenced the ruling powers.